Sosiohumaniora
27May/10

PRONOMINA NONASERTIVE “ANY” DALAM BAHASA INGGRIS: KAJIAN SINTAKTIS DAN SEMANTIS

ABSTRAK. Penelitian ini mengkaji pronomina nonasertif dalam bahasa Inggris sebagai salah satu bentuk pronomina taktakrif. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode deskriptif dan dikaji melalui teknik kajian distribusional. Pronomina nonasertif dipilah berdasarkan bentuk, fungsi, acuan, dan perilaku sintaksisnya dalam kalimat tunggal dan dalam kalimat majemuk. Sumber data berasal dari bahasa Inggris tulis yang diambil dari berbagai jenis genre seperti cerpen, dan novel. Data tersebut dijadikan data utama sedang data pendukung diambil dari surat kabar. Hasil yang dicapai dalam penelitian ini menunjukkan adanya tiga kelompok pronomina nonasertif. yaitu sebagai penggolong, sebagai pemarkah, dan sebagai determinator. Pronomina nonasertif sebagai penggolong sealalu dilekati unsur-unsur tertentu seperti –one, -body, -thing, -time, dan –where. Pronomina nonasertif  sebagai pemarkah dapat digabung dengan nomina terbilang dan takterbilang baik yang insani maupun yang noninsani. Sebagai pemarkah, pronomina nonasertif dapat pula dilekati berbagai ajektiva. Pronomina nonasertif sebagai determinator hanya dapat merujuk pada benda terbilang insani dan noninsani. Ketiga pronomina nonasertif di atas dapat bersifat anaforis dan kataforis.

 

Kata kunci: pronomina, pronomina taktakrif, nonasertif, any 

 

NONASSERTIVE PRONOUNS IN ENGLISH

(A SYNTACTIC AND SEMANTIC ANALYSIS)

 

ABSTRACT. This research studies nonassertive pronouns in English as a part of indefinite pronouns. This research uses a descriptive method, and it is studied through a distributional tehnique. Nonassertive pronoun is classified based on its forms, functions, reference, and sintactic attitude in the simple and complex sentences.  The data resources are  from written English which are taken from various genres like short stories, novelettes, and novels. All of those data are regarded as the primary data, whereas, the secondary data are taken from newspapers. The result of this research shows that there are three classes of nonasertive pronouns such as, nonassertive pronoun as a pronoun, as a quantifier,

and determiner, Nonassertive Pronouns as quantifies are always attached by certain elements such as: -one, -body, -thing, -time, and where. Nonassertive pronouns as markers can be combine with count nouns and non-count nouns both animate and inanimate. As makers non assertive pronouns can be attached to adjective. Nonassertive pronouns as determines can only refer to animate count nouns and inanimate. The three nonasertive pronouns can be anaphoric and cataphoric referents.

 Keywords: pronoun, indefinite pronoun, nonassrtive, any

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